Reasons for Soil Contamination
Land is being extensively used for various purposes such as agriculture, industrial facilities and residential development ,. Growing technology has introduced various chemicals in the market that are been used in the field of agriculture and in the construction and maintenance of buildings, industrial and agricultural sites. These man made chemicals have resulted insoil contamination. These chemicals are the pollutants which if they exceed the normal levels can reduce the effective functioning of soil. In addition toman made substances there are certain natural factors that result in contamination of soil. Thus, there are many reasons for contamination of soil. These are:
The contamination of soil, due to the hazardous and harmful discharge, has an adverse affect on the health and human life. The chemical contact may result in many chronic diseases among people. Not only human health, but soil contamination also affects the ecosystem including plant life and animals. Therefore it is necessary to clean up the soil or remediate it, as soon as possible. Thermal remediation, bioremediation by the use of microbes or aeration of soil are the best methods for remediating the contaminated soil. Since, soil contamination is not only the result of legal authority but also because of human masses as whole. It isthe responsibility of both the government to enforce control and the landowners to reduce or control the incidence that result in soil contamination.
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